Overview of Binh Thuan province

08/01/2020 4064 view
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Binh Thuan is the southernmost coastal province of Central Vietnam, located in the area affected by the southern key economic region. The center of the province is Phan Thiet City, located about 200 km south of Ho Chi Minh City, about 250 km from Nha Trang city, about 1,518 km north of Hanoi. Binh Thuan has a 192 km long sea extending from Da Chap cape adjacent to Ca Na in Ninh Thuan to Binh Chau mudflats in Ba Ria-Vung Tau province.
Total area: 7,828 km²
• Coast length: 192 km
• Territorial area: 52,000 km²
Currently Binh Thuan has 10 administrative units and 127 communes, wards and towns including:
• Phan Thiet city: 14 wards and 4 communes
• La Gi town: 5 wards and 4 communes
• Tuy Phong district: 2 towns and 11 communes
• Bac Binh district: 2 towns and 16 communes
• Ham Thuan Bac district: 2 towns and 15 communes
• Ham Thuan Nam district: 1 town and 12 communes
• Tánh Linh district: 1 town and 13 communes
• Ham Tan district: 2 towns and 8 communes
• Duc Linh district: 2 towns and 11 communes
• Phu Quy island district: 3 communes
Binh Thuan terrain consists of 4 basic types: low mountains, hill mounds, plains, sand dunes and coastal sand dunes. There are a number of islands off the coast, including 10 of Phu Quy island district, 120 km from Phan Thiet city. The province has some high mountains such as: Da Mi (1,642 m), Dang Sruin (1,302 m), Ong Trao (1,222 m), Gia Bang (1,136 m), Ong mountain (1,024 m) and Chi Ket (1,017 m). m). Some nasal branches running to the sea form La Gan, Ke Ga, Mui Ne, Hon Rom and Small Cape.
Binh Thuan province is located in the tropical monsoon region with two distinct seasons:
• Rainy season: from May to October
• Dry season: from November to April next year
• Average temperature: 26 - 27 ° C
• Average rainfall: 800 - 1150 mm
• Relative humidity: 79%
• Total hours of sunshine: 2,459
• Total population: 1,201 million people (2013)
• Density: 151 people / km²
• Number of males: 590.2 thousand; number of women: 586,700 people
• Urban population: 459.5 thousand;
• Number of rural people: 717.4 thousand people
• Local labor force aged 15 and over 647.8 thousand people
• Ethnicity: There are 34 ethnic groups living together in Binh Thuan, the largest of which is the Kinh ethnic group; followed by the Cam, Ra Glai and Hoa ethnic groups (concentrated in Duc Nghia ward - Phan Thiet city), Co Ho, Tay, Cho Ro, Nung, and Muong ...
According to the economic arrangement, Binh Thuan is now a province in the Southeastern economic region. The land area of ​​Binh Thuan lies within the limits of 10 ° 35'-11 ° 38 'North and 107 ° 24'-108 ° 53' East.
Many rivers and streams originating from the Di Linh plateau in Lam Dong flow through Binh Thuan to the sea. Generally, the river sections passing Binh Thuan have a total length of 663 km, including Ca Ty River (76 km), La Nga River (74 km), Quao River (63 km), Long River (43 km), Phan River (40 km), Mao River (29 km) and Luy River (25 km).
Binh Thuan has a territorial pool of 52,000 km², so Binh Thuan is one of the three major fishing grounds in Vietnam where the fishing reserves reach 240,000 tons of seafood of all kinds, which is a condition for processing seafood for export. Shellfish is a specialty of Binh Thuan sea, concentrated in 4 main beaches: La Khe, Hon Rom, Hon Cau and Phan Ri, which allow fishing of 25-30 thousand tons / year.
Agriculture and Forestry
Binh Thuan province has 151,300 ha of agricultural land, including more than 50,000 ha of rice land. An additional 100,000 hectares of agricultural land will be developed.
Cattle and poultry breeding is quite developed. Investing to establish areas specializing in industrial crops and fruit trees with:
• 10,000 ha of dragon fruit
• 30,000 ha of cashew
• 15,000 hectares of cotton
• 20,000 hectares of rubber
• 2,000 hectares of pepper
This is an abundant source of materials to develop industries processing from industrial trees, food, food ... With an area of ​​400,000 ha of forest and forestry land, wood reserves of 25 million m³ and grass cover are favorable premise to set up wood processing plants and develop large ranch farms and set up beef and pig processing plants ... In recent years, cashew tree area has decreased. significantly due to the decrease in cashew nut prices, dragon fruit and rubber trees continuously increase the area.
Binh Thuan province has many kinds of minerals with large reserves:
• Bicarbonate natural mineral water: more than 10 high reserves, good quality (including hot mineral water mine 700 degrees C) can be exploited over 300 million liters / year. In particular, 2 mines are being exploited and traded that are Vinh Hao and Da Kai.
• Glass sand: 4 mines in Ham Thuan Bac, Bac Binh and Ham Tan with reserves of over 500 million m³, quality standard for export, suitable for the production of high-quality glass, construction glass, bricks planet.
• Granite: very large reserves, distributed everywhere.
• Bentonite clay: used in chemical industry and oil exploitation, with a reserve of about 20 million tons. Heavy placer ores to produce titanium and zircon with reserves of about one million tons. In Vinh Hao, an area of ​​over 1,000 hectares, an output of 150,000 tons / year ...
• Zircon 4 million tons led the country in this reserve.
• Oil and gas is considered a new economic strength of Binh Thuan province, with many oil reserves with large reserves discovered 60 km from the mainland; There are three oil fields: Rang Dong, Su Tu Den and Rubi. Two mines: Su Tu Trang and Su Tu Vang are about to be exploited. The Government and central ministries and agencies are interested in investing in developing oil and gas industry in Binh Thuan to form a petroleum reserve center to ensure national energy security and export.
Phan Thiet city is 198 km from Ho Chi Minh City and 1,518 km from Hanoi.
Being a province on the main North-South transport axis, Binh Thuan currently has three national highways running through, all of which have been completely upgraded and expanded.
• National Highway 1A through Vietnam (the length across the province is 178 km)
• Highway 55 to Ba Ria - Vung Tau
• Highway 28 from Phan Thiet city to Di Linh district of Lam Dong province.
Roads to district centers, communes, mountainous areas and other important economic areas are also being mobilized by local authorities to invest in upgrading, expanding and extending to ensure production. , circulation of goods and travel of the people.
• North - South railway passes through the province with a length of 190 km and through 11 stations, the most important is Muong Man Station. The province has newly built Phan Thiet station to serve tourism.
• Seaway: Is a coastal province with a wide sea area, 192 km long coastline, islands and adjacent to international maritime routes. Currently, Phu Quy seaport has been built, receiving ships of 10,000 tons. Phan Thiet port is under construction to receive ships of 2,000 tons.
• Airway: To serve the travel needs, especially for tourists and investors, Binh Thuan province is calling for investment to restore Phan Thiet airport.
• The North-South high-speed railway projects, the North-South expressways all pass through Binh Thuan
• Nam Phan Thiet Bus Station - Provincial Hospital - Mui Ne - Ganh tourism
Electrical Power
There are 3 main power sources:
• From Da Nhim hydropower plant through 110 KV transmission grid
• From Ham Thuan - Da Mi hydropower plant through a 110 KV transmission grid
• 3800 KW diesel generating station
• A pilot wind power plant is being built (electricity generated from wind power) in Tuy Phong district
• Wind power plant in Phu Quy
In particular, the electricity supply for Phan Thiet city has a central Phan Thiet transformer station with a capacity of 50 MVA, and will be upgraded to expand to 80-100 MVA. The electrical network in Phan Thiet City is also being upgraded and renovated to meet the needs of residential areas and industrial zones in Phan Thiet.
Water supply
Phan Thiet water plant with a capacity of 25,000 m³ / day and night is currently upgrading and expanding the pipeline system with ADB capital, ensuring to meet the needs of daily life and production. All districts have small-scale water supply stations of 500-2000 m³ / day and night.
October 24, 1995, thousands of people including scientists, domestic and international tourists flocked to Ta Don mountain (Ham Thuan Bac district) and Mui Ne - Phan Thiet to admire and study the phenomenon. total eclipse also recognizes this place has many interesting landscapes and rich tourism potential. This is considered a milestone that Binh Thuan has started to appear on Vietnam's tourism map.
As a coastal province, with a warm and sunny year-round climate, many clean and beautiful beaches, natural and poetic landscapes, convenient transportation, Binh Thuan is one of the major tourist centers of Vietnam.
Binh Thuan has invested in the construction of tourist - resort - sport - mountain climbing - yacht - fishing - golf - resort - medical complexes in the area of ​​Mui Ne ward (Phan Thiet city), Ham. Tan and Tuy Phong serve tourists. Currently, Phan Thiet city has two 18-hole golf courses: Novotel and Sealinks of international stature; major hotels, many high-class resorts, system of coastal motels ... ready to meet the needs of accommodation, entertainment of tourists and investors. Binh Thuan also has many cultural and historical relics, famous landscapes.
Attractions and historical - cultural relics
Cultural history
Binh Thuan has a long history and culture, especially Champa culture with Po Sah Inu Tower relics, Po Klong Mohnai temple and more than 100 rare and valuable original Cham royal treasures, which Mrs. Nguyen Thi Tham , kept by the descendants of the Cham king, including the crown, planar coat, hia comedy, and bracelets of the king and queen.
The Cham people were among the first to discover the use of Binh Thuan mineral water. They used this mineral water to cure and make aromatic water to wash holy statues. With Binh Thuan mineral water, in the 13th century, Cham people cured leprosy for their king Che Man. Princess Huyen Tran, daughter of King Tran and also Queen of Che Man, was very surprised at the miracle and mystery of this spring, so she named the stream Vinh Hao (meaning "eternal goodness") . The French have been exploiting Vinh Hao mineral water since 1920. Up to now, Vinh Hao mineral water has been well-known in the country and has been gradually exporting to markets in countries in the region and the world.
• Ong Ong Floor (Phan Thiet)
• Doi Duong - Thuong Chanh (Phan Thiet)
• Mui Ne (Phan Thiet)
• Mui Ke Ga (Ham Thuan Nam)
• Ta Cu mountain (Ham Thuan Nam)
• Bau Trang (Bac Binh)
• Co Thach Pagoda (Tuy Phong)
• Linh Son Ancient Pagoda (Tuy Phong)
• Ham Thuan - Da Mi lake (Ham Thuan Bac)
• Song Quao Lake (Ham Thuan Bac)
• Doi Duong (Phan Thiet)
• Thac Ba waterfall (Tanh Linh)
• Cao Cat Mountain (Phu Quy)
• Hon Tranh (Phu Quy)
• Small Beach (Phu Quy)
• Trieu Duong Bay (Phu Quy)
Historical - Cultural sites
• Duc Thanh School (Phan Thiet)
• Nguyễn Thông's tomb (Phan Thiết)
• Po Sah Inu Tower (Phan Thiet)
• Van Thuy Tu (Phan Thiet)
• Duc Nghia communal house (Phan Thiet)
• Ke Ga Lighthouse (Ham Thuan Nam)
• Thay Thim's Palace (Ham Tan)
• Linh Quang Pagoda (Phu Quy)
• Van An Thanh (Phu Quy)
 (Source: According to the Internet)